The vestibular system of a human being is a sensory system that is present in the inner ear. The prime function of this system is to maintain balance and orientation so that it coordinates with the body movements. Any damage to the vestibular system results in dizziness, vertigo, and other symptoms. This condition can be treated with the help of Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy.
Several Factors Contribute To The Damage Of The Vestibular System
- Viral infection
- Genetic disorders
- Environmental factors
Symptoms Of Vestibular Disorders Include
- Disturbance in vision
- Hearing disability
- Cognitive changes
- Psychological changes
- Spatial disorientation
- Impaired postures
The disorders of the vestibular system can be successfully treated by Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy also known as VRT. This is an exercise-based therapy that promotes vestibular adaption and substitution in the body.
The Important Goals Of VRT Are To
- Enhance your posture stability
- Improve your eye movements
- Enhance the ability to perform everyday activities
- Improve your vertigo condition
- Eliminate dizziness
When a person suffers from a deficit vestibular system, over time the brain compensates the functionalities by using other sensory parts such as cerebellum or brainstem. But if the symptoms are not reducing with time then the person will have to undergo therapy. By undergoing Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy, the person achieves compensation for functionalities. Before proceeding with the therapy, doctors examine the patient for completely identifying all the disorders of the vestibular system. On identifying the disorders, doctors may suggest three types of exercise based on three principles.
- Gaze stabilization
- Balance training
The physical therapist evaluates the patient’s symptoms and reviews their medical history. The program consists of a series of exercise to improve the patient’s gait, physical balance, flexibility and overall mobility. The program also includes neck exercises and a few gaze exercises customized according to specific patient needs. The primary purpose of this therapy is to instruct and retrain the brain to compensate for the other senses.
How Effective is Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy
While the recovery period depends on a patient’s focus and diligence, VRT provides significant results. In most cases, VRT is the only therapy needed, thereby eliminating the need for risky and invasive surgical intervention.